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Making digital services accessible
How do you make sure that NHS digital services are accessible to all? Ian Roddis, Lead Product Manager for the NHS digital service manual, talks about the new guidelines his team has developed to help people working in digital delivery teams meet accessibility standards in time for September 2020’s deadline.
1 August 2019
In the UK, almost 1 in 5 people have a disability of some kind. Many more have temporary or situational disabilities, like an illness or injury. Recent regulations mean that, from next year, every new public sector website and app will need to meet specific accessibility standards. Existing websites will have until September 2020 to comply, and apps until June 2021.
We’ve just published guidance setting out accessibility standards for NHS digital services for the public. It grew out of work we've been doing to improve the accessibility of the NHS website, but we hope it'll be used by digital teams across the NHS and inspire the broader public sector.
We’ve now updated that guidance to be more comprehensive, and more useful, to people working in digital delivery teams. It’s advice that we think everyone needs to know, whether you’re building a service, or commissioning one. It sets out what should be done and, importantly, how to do it on a practical level.
We also plan to publish more things that will help people embed accessibility thinking in their practice – for example, checklists and templates, particularly for testers. We’ll also be building an Accessibility Lab in our office in Leeds (based on GDS’s ‘Empathy’ Lab), and a ‘roaming suitcase’ of accessibility equipment for London and the other regions.
So, how have we assembled our accessibility pages in the service manual? Our core guidance opens with three topics for everyone:
- what all NHS services need to do about accessibility: an overview of the law and what you need to do to meet the new requirements (WCAG2.1)
- how to make digital services accessible: some broad principles and our approach to accessibility
- getting started with accessibility: things you can learn with links to useful resources, including from our friends in the Government Digital Service
The NHS digital service manual team is a multi-disciplinary team. Not all teams across the NHS will have specialist roles but people involved in projects may be involved in multiple types of activities. For example, an interaction designer may also be involved in conducting user research. We’ve therefore labelled the guidance by activity rather than roles.
- product and delivery including the questions product or delivery managers need to be asking
- user research: from identifying target groups and accessibility challenges to including users with access needs in research and practicalities like making your research sessions more accessible on the day
- content: how to write effective, clear content as well as headings, good link names, handling images in content and making multimedia accessible
- design: it includes, for example, colour contrast, designing new components (only after you've tested existing ones) and handling errors in forms
- development, including information on how to make your service accessible for those who can’t use a mouse or trackpad and rely on keyboards or joysticks
- testing: different kinds of testing (user research, manual and automated) and the wide range of things that may need checking
Making room for improvement
Hopefully you’ve got a sense of how our advice and guidance can help you build accessible services. All NHS bodies, from large NHS trusts to GP practice sites, need to be accessible and that will make a big difference for all the people with short- and long-term access needs who use NHS services.
We’ve been sharing the digital service manual with colleagues across the NHS in our show and tell sessions. You can watch our 18 July session which talks about community contributions for the digital service manual. The NHS Business Service Authority also shares how it has improved the NHS Jobs website and Gloucestershire Foundation NHS trust share how they have used the digital service manual tools.