Annual statistical report into Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) published
Notes for editors
- The four FGM Types defined by the World Health Organisation (https://www.who.int/) are:
- Type 1: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (clitoridectomy).
- Type 2: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision).
- Type 3: Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation).
- Type 4: All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, including pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.
The FGM Enhanced Dataset includes these additional categories:
- History of Type 3: Current state where a woman or girl had FGM Type 3 but has since been deinfibulated.
- Type 3 - Reinfibulation Identified: Current state where a woman or girl has been closed previously, opened and is currently closed again.
- Unknown: When the FGM category could not be ascertained. It is acknowledged that even for experienced healthcare workers who frequently see women and girls with FGM it can still often be difficult to determine the type of FGM that had been undertaken.
- There are 204 NHS trusts, 1,545 GP practices and 19 other organisations registered on the FGM Enhanced Dataset collection system.
- Total Attendances refers to all attendances in the reporting period where FGM was identified or a procedure for FGM was undertaken. Women and girls may have one or more attendances in the reporting period. This category includes both newly recorded and previously identified women and girls.
- Deinfibulation is the surgical procedure to open up the closed vagina of a woman or girl with FGM Type 3. Deinfibulation is often undertaken to facilitate delivery during childbirth.
Last edited: 21 July 2020 2:59 pm