Coherence is the degree to which data which have been derived from different sources or methods but refer to the same topic are similar. Comparability is the degree to which data can be compared over time and domain.
There is no other monthly publication that includes the same measures as are included in this publication.
However, for different activities that will be reported within the CSDS, there are a number of existing national data collections and reports that currently publish data depending upon their own specific topical area these are listed below.
Vaccination and Immunisation Data
Information on childhood immunisation coverage at ages one, two and five are collected through the UK Cover of Vaccination Evaluated Rapidly (COVER) collection by Public Health England. These aggregated data are collected from Child Health Information Systems (CHISs), which are computerised systems storing clinical records supporting health promotion and prevention activities for children, including immunisation.
Data from the COVER is published by NHS Digital. The latest statistics are available via the following link https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-immunisation-statistics
In October 2017, an annual report was released comparing the number of childhood vaccinations recorded in the CYPHS to the number recorded by the COVER programme for 2016-17. This comparison was intended to highlight areas for improvement in data coverage and completeness for the CYPHS data set and is available via the following link: http://digital.nhs.uk/catalogue/PUB30103
Further information on vaccination and immunisation is captured by NHS Digital as part of the General Practice Extraction Service (GPES) via which GP Contract Services data are collected. This represents recorded activity undertaken by a practice. It is important to note that not all practices are required to flow vaccination and immunisation data for this. Currently information on vaccination and immunisations from GPES is published as Experimental Statistics and are available via the following link:
National Child Measurement Programme
The National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) measures the height and weight of children in reception class (aged 4 to 5 years) and year 6 (aged 10 to 11 years) to assess overweight and obesity levels in children within primary schools. This data can be used at a national level to support local public health initiatives and inform the local planning and delivery of services for children.
Local Authorities are asked to collect data on children's height and weight from all state maintained schools within their area. Participation in the programme is not compulsory, but non-participation is on an opt-out basis only. The data are submitted to NHS Digital and all of the returns are collated and validated centrally.
The latest published data on the NCMP is available via the following link: https://digital.nhs.uk/areas-of-interest/public-health/national-child-measurement-programme
Children's public health 0-5 years - national reporting
Public Health England (PHE) implemented an interim approach to national reporting on children's public health for those aged 0-5 years in 2015/16. This was until such time as the Maternity and Children’s Datasets of which the CSDS is one have reached full maturity in terms of data quality and coverage.
Data is submitted to PHE by local authorities on a voluntary basis and is published quarterly. The indicators include breastfeeding prevalence at 6-8 weeks and Health Visitor Service Delivery Metrics described in legislation for universal health visitor reviews and key outcomes for children resident within a local authority (based on the child's postcode).
Data on both Breastfeeding at 6 to 8 weeks after birth and Health Visitor Service Delivery Metrics are available from https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/child-and-maternal-health-statistics
An analysis of CSDS data focusing on 6-8 week breastfeeding status and 24, 27 and 30 month Ages and Stages (ASQ-3) scoring is now included as part of the CSDS publication releases on a monthly basis. The previously published quarterly reports are available via the following link:
Community Information Data Set (CIDS)
The CIDS is a patient level, output based, secondary uses data set which will deliver robust, comprehensive, nationally consistent and comparable person-based information on patients who are in contact with Community Services. Currently CIDS has only been mandated for local data collection and data extraction only. CIDS is aligned with the CSDS data set, the two share the same structure and data items.
As such there may be local reporting of data using CIDS which would report on similar data to that reported in the CSDS. However, the nature and extent of such local reporting remains unknown at the national level.