Alcohol misuse can be directly attributed to deaths from certain types of disease such as alcoholic liver disease. This section presents information on the number of deaths that are specific to alcohol consumption.
The data source is the Office for National Statistics (ONS) which uses the National Statistics (NS) definition of alcohol-specific deaths. This definition only includes conditions where each death is a direct consequence of alcohol misuse. The definition is primarily based on chronic (longer-term) conditions associated with continued misuse of alcohol and, to a lesser extent, acute (immediate) conditions.
Public Health England (PHE) produces estimates for both alcohol-specific and alcohol-related deaths at local authority level. Alcohol-related deaths also included diseases where only a proportion of the deaths were caused by alcohol (such as cancers of the mouth, oesophagus and liver), are higher than the ONS figures for alcoholic specific deaths.