In previous parts of this report, smoking, drinking and different types of drug use have been examined independently of one another. This part looks at the relationships between these behaviours, by comparing prevalence rates and examining overlaps. This part also compares attitudes towards smoking, drinking and drug use.
Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and taking drugs all pose significant individual health risks to young people. However, those who engage in more than one of these expose themselves to an increased level of risk1.
To recap from earlier parts:
- 16% of pupils had ever smoked. 2% were regular smokers, equivalent to around 67 thousand young people2 (confidence interval 56 thousand – 79 thousand).
- 44% had ever drunk alcohol. 10% had drunk alcohol in the last week, equivalent to around 320 thousand young people (confidence interval 284 thousand – 356 thousand).
- 24% had ever taken drugs. 9% had taken drugs in the last month, equivalent to around 300 thousand young people (confidence interval 271 thousand – 329 thousand)
1. British Medical Association, Board of Science and Education, London (2003): Adolescent Health,
2. Based on Office for National Statistics mid-year 2018 population estimates for 11 to 15 year olds in England.