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Data set, Part of

SHMI data


The SHMI is the ratio between the actual number of patients who die following hospitalisation at the trust and the number that would be expected to die on the basis of average England figures, given the characteristics of the patients treated there. It includes deaths which occurred in hospital and deaths which occurred outside of hospital within 30 days (inclusive) of discharge. Deaths related to COVID-19 are excluded from the SHMI.

The SHMI gives an indication for each non-specialist acute NHS trust in England whether the observed number of deaths within 30 days of discharge from hospital was 'higher than expected' (SHMI banding=1), 'as expected' (SHMI banding=2) or 'lower than expected' (SHMI banding=3) when compared to the national baseline.

Trusts may be located at multiple sites and may be responsible for 1 or more hospitals. A breakdown of the data by site of treatment is also provided.

The SHMI is composed of 142 different diagnosis groups and these are aggregated to calculate the overall SHMI value for each trust. The number of finished provider spells, observed deaths and expected deaths at diagnosis group level for each trust is available in the SHMI diagnosis group breakdown files. For a subset of diagnosis groups, an indication of whether the observed number of deaths within 30 days of discharge from hospital was 'higher than expected', 'as expected' or 'lower than expected' when compared to the national baseline is also provided.

Details of the 142 diagnosis groups can be found in Appendix A of the SHMI specification.


1. As of the July 2020 publication, COVID-19 activity has been excluded from the SHMI. The SHMI is not designed for this type of pandemic activity and the statistical modelling used to calculate the SHMI may not be as robust if such activity were included. Activity that is being coded as COVID-19, and therefore excluded, is monitored in the contextual indicator 'Percentage of provider spells with COVID-19 coding' which is part of this publication.

2. Please note that there has been a fall in the overall number of spells due to COVID-19 impacting on activity from March 2020 onwards and this appears to be an accurate reflection of hospital activity rather than a case of missing data. Further information is available in the contextual indicator ‘Provider spells compared to the pre-pandemic period’ which is part of this publication.

3. Day cases and regular day attenders are excluded from the SHMI. However, some day cases for University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RRV) have been incorrectly classified as ordinary admissions meaning that they have been included in the SHMI. Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust (trust code RWF) has submitted a number of records with a patient classification of ‘day case’ or ‘regular day attender’ and an intended management value of ‘patient to stay in hospital for at least one night’. This mismatch has resulted in the patient classification being updated to ‘ordinary admission’ by the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data cleaning rules. This may have resulted in the number of ordinary admissions being overstated. The trust has been contacted to clarify what the correct patient classification is for these records. Values for these trusts should therefore be interpreted with caution.

4. There is a shortfall in the number of records for Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RTF), Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RAL) and Northern Care Alliance NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RM3). Values for these trusts are based on incomplete data and should therefore be interpreted with caution.

5. On 1st April 2022 Northern Devon Healthcare NHS Trust (trust code RBZ) merged with Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RH8). The new trust is called Royal Devon University Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust (trust code RH8). However, as we received notification of this change after data processing for this publication began, separate indicator values have been produced for this publication. The next publication in this series will reflect the updated organisation structure.

6. Further information on data quality can be found in the SHMI background quality report, which can be downloaded from the 'Resources' section of the publication page.