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Health Survey for England - 2011, Trend tablesOfficial statistics, National statistics, Survey
- Publication Date:
- 20 Dec 2012
- Geographic Coverage:
- Date Range:
- 01 Jan 2011 to 31 Dec 2011
The Health Survey for England is a series of annual surveys designed to measure health and health-related behaviours in adults and children living in private households in England. The survey is currently commissioned by the Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC), and before April 2005 was commissioned by the Department of Health. Since 1994, the survey has been carried out by NatCen Social Research and the Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at UCL (University College London).
The survey consists of an interview and nurse visit. It has a series of core elements that are included every year or alternate years, and special topics that are included in selected years. The trend tables focus on key changes in core topics and measurements.
- The prevalence of doctor-diagnosed diabetes increased between 1994 and 2011 from 2.9 per cent to 7.0 per cent among men and from 1.9 per cent to 4.9 per cent among women.
- The prevalence of hypertension in 2011 was 31 per cent among men and 28 per cent among women, remaining at a similar level over the last few years. Between 2003 and 2011, the proportion of the population with controlled hypertension increased from 5 per cent to 11 per cent among men, and from 6 per cent to 10 per cent among women.
- The proportion of adults with untreated hypertension decreased from 2003 to 2011 for both sexes (20 per cent to 14 per cent among men and 16 per cent to 11 per cent among women).
- The proportion of adults with a normal BMI decreased between 1993 and 2011, from 41 per cent to 34 per cent among men and from 49 per cent to 39 per cent among women. Among both men and women there has been little change in the proportion that was overweight over the period (41 per cent of men and 33 per cent of women in 2011).
- Between 1993 and 2011, there has been a marked increase in the proportion that was obese. This increased from 13 per cent of men in 1993 to 24 per cent in 2011 and from 16 per cent of women in 1993 to 26 per cent in 2011. The rate of increase in obesity prevalence has been slower in the second half of the period than the first half, and there are indications that the trend may be flattening out, at least temporarily. However, obesity in women in 2010 and 2011 was at its highest level since 1993.
- Among men there was an increase overall in the proportion who had never regularly smoked cigarettes (from 39 per cent in 1993 to 49 per cent in 2011). Correspondingly, the proportion of men who were current smokers declined overall from 28 per cent in 1993 to 23 per cent in 2011.
- The proportion of women who had never regularly smoked increased from 52 per cent in 1993 to 59 per cent in 2011, while the proportion of current smokers decreased overall in the same period, falling from 26 per cent to 19 per cent.
- The proportion of men and women who smoked 20 or more cigarettes per day has fallen: from 11 per cent of men in 1993 to 5 per cent in 2011 and from 8 per cent of women to 3 per cent over the same time period.
- The proportion of men consuming more than four units on the heaviest day's drinking in the last week did not show substantial change between 2006 and 2011 (39 per cent in 2011), and similarly the proportion of men that drank more than twice the recommended amount showed little change over the period (22 per cent in 2011).
- The picture was different among women: there was a decrease between 2006 and 2011 both in the proportion consuming more than three units on the heaviest day's drinking last week (from 33 per cent to 28 per cent), and in the proportion drinking more than twice the recommended amount (from 16 per cent to 13 per cent).
Fruit and vegetable consumption:
- For both men and women, the proportion that consumed five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day increased significantly to a peak in 2006 and since then has generally declined. For men the proportion rose from 22 per cent in 2001 to 28 per cent in 2006 and then fell to 24 per cent in 2011. Among women the proportion rose from 25 per cent in 2001 to 32 per cent in 2006 and then fell to 29 per cent in 2011.
- The prevalence of long-standing illness among men increased overall from 40 per cent in 1993 to around 44 per cent between 1997 and 2003, but appears to have decreased gradually over the last few years; it was 38 per cent in 2011. Among women, prevalence increased from 40 per cent in 1993 to 47 per cent in 2004, but has since decreased and was 41 per cent in 2011.