We have detected that you are using Internet Explorer to visit this website. Internet Explorer is now being phased out by Microsoft. As a result, NHS Digital no longer supports any version of Internet Explorer for our web-based products, as it involves considerable extra effort and expense, which cannot be justified from public funds. Some features on this site will not work. You should use a modern browser such as Edge, Chrome, Firefox, or Safari. If you have difficulty installing or accessing a different browser, contact your IT support team.
Compendium: Local basket of inequality indicators (LBOI)
This collection of indicators helps organisations measure health and the diverse range of factors which influence health inequalities in their local population, such as unemployment, poverty, crime and education. The indicators were originally created to help Primary Care Trusts and Local Authorities track progress against their local priorities for tackling health inequalities.
The Compendium LBOI set covers the following groups of indicators;
Section 1: Employment, poverty and deprivation,
Section 2: Housing and homelessness,
Section 3: Education,
Section 4: Crime,
Section 5: Pollution and physical environment,
Section 6: Community development,
Section 7: Lifestyle, including diet, smoking and physical activity,
Section 8: Access to local health and other services,
Section 9: Accidents and injury,
Section 10: Mental health,
Section 11: Maternal, infant and child health,
Section 12: Older people,
Section 13: Tackling the major killers,
Indicators stratified by deprivation quintiles and Slope Inequality Index (SII)
Please see the individual publications for information on each set.
There are inequalities in health. For example, people living in more deprived areas tend to have shorter life expectancy. The following indicators are to monitor the effects of deprivation on health.
To monitor employment, poverty and deprivation
As of October 2018, please refer to the homelessness statistics published by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government for the following indicator:
Please note that LBOI indicators 3.1 and 3.2 have been discontinued and there will be no future updates.
Crime imposes economic costs, reinforces social exclusion and can hasten the environmental decline of neighbourhoods. Fear of crime can make people reluctant to walk or even use public transport or go out after dark. Much acquisitive crime, such as shop lifting and burglary, is committed by drug-misusing...
The major threat to clean air is now posed by traffic emissions. Petrol and diesel-engine motor vehicles emit a wide variety of pollutants, principally carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and particulates (PM10), which have an increasing impact on urban air...
Please note that this LBOI indicator 6.1 has been discontinued and there will be no future updates.
The detrimental effects of smoking are widely known. There are large differences in smoking prevalence and consumption in the UK, varying by age, sex, social class, employment status, and ethnicity. People in deprived circumstances are not only more likely to take up smoking but generally start younger,...
This section relates to the high level objective for improving access to and standards of services for patients.
Motor vehicle traffic accidents are a major cause of preventable deaths and morbidity, particularly in younger age groups. For children and for men aged 20-64 years, mortality rates for motor vehicle traffic accidents are higher in lower socioeconomic groups. For instance, there would be 600 fewer deaths...
According to the Government’s Saving Lives, Our Healthier Nation mental health problems “are a major cause of ill-health, disability and mortality”. People with mental health problems, and particularly schizophrenia, are at increased risk of premature death due to physical heath problems. Someone with...
To monitor maternal, infant and child health
To monitor care for the elderly.
To monitor the “major killers” in UK health related mortality.