As stated previously, DNS forwarding always uses recursive queries. It is important to know this, since the way that Microsoft sometimes presents its configuration may confuse administrators, due to unclear wording of some of the options.
Microsoft DNS is usually configured on servers using the DNS Microsoft Management Console (MMC) - a Windows graphical application that provides access to the Microsoft DNS server settings. The appearance of the forwarding options is different between different versions of Windows server environments. In this document the forwarding configuration of three different DNS MMCs will be described:
- Windows 2003 (SP2)
- Windows 2008 (SP2) and Windows 2008 (R2)
- Windows Server 2012 (SP2) 2016 (SP1)
This appearance and operation of DNS MMC is the same regardless of:
- whether Windows Server is running in 32-bit or 64-bit mode
- the Windows Server variants (Standard, Enterprise, etc.).