The cost of prescriptions dispensed in the community and the number of items dispensed during the 2017 calendar year has been published today by NHS Digital1.
Prescription Cost Analysis, England 2017, details the number of items2 and the Net Ingredient Cost (NIC)3 of all prescriptions dispensed in the community4 in England. This includes all items dispensed by the NHS, except those dispensed in hospitals or on private prescriptions.
The NIC is the basic price of a drug excluding VAT and is not necessarily the price the NHS paid.
This report provides a national level annual summary of prescriptions dispensed during 2017, highlighting the high level changes from the previous year and providing the detail for each individual item prescribed in 2017.
In addition there are trend figures and data at individual item level prescribed between 2007 to 2017. This reveals the trend figures over a decade, but a more detailed analysis of the trends in the 2017 data and over the past ten years is due to be published as the Prescriptions Dispensed in the Community report in June 2018.
The majority of prescriptions are written by GPs and non-medical prescribers such as nurses and pharmacists in England. The remainder are written by dentists and hospital doctors and are published in this data provided they were dispensed in the community.
As the data for the dispensing of items by dentists in the community is now included, the Prescribing by Dentists report will no longer be published separately.
Prescriptions written in Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man are only included if they are dispensed in England. Prescriptions written in England but dispensed outside England are not included.
Read the full report
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A prescription item refers to a single item on a prescription form. If a prescription form includes three medicines, they are counted as three prescription items.
All costs given in this report are net ingredient cost (NIC) which is the basic price of a drug excluding VAT. This is the price listed in the national Drug Tariff or in standard price lists and is not necessarily the price the NHS paid. It does not take into account any contract prices or discounts, dispensing costs, fees or prescription charge income, so the amount the NHS paid will be different. It does not include any adjustment for income obtained where a prescription charge is paid at the time it is dispensed or where the patient has obtained a pre-payment certificate.
Prescription information is taken from the Prescription Cost Analysis (PCA) system, supplied by NHS Prescription Services, a division of NHS Business Services Authority (BSA), and is based on a full analysis of all prescriptions dispensed in the community i.e. by community pharmacists and appliance contractors, dispensing doctors, and prescriptions submitted by prescribing doctors for items personally administered in England. Also included are prescriptions written in Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man but dispensed in England. The data does not cover drugs dispensed in hospitals, including mental health trusts, or private prescriptions. Prescribers are GPs, hospital doctors, dentists and non medical prescribers such as nurses and pharmacists.
All medicines are shown by their latest BNF classification and proprietary or generic class. Historic data included in the latest publication may not match data previously published. Users should always use the data in the latest publication.
The drugs dispensed are listed by the British National Formulary (BNF) therapeutic groupings using the classification system prior to BNF edition 70. These groupings are listed in chapters from 1-15 but six further pseudo chapters have been created (18 - 23) to cover dressings and appliances as they do not fall under the BNF therapeutic groupings.
The medicines are shown by individual preparation name, often presented in an abbreviated form. The names may be proprietary (a trade name protected by a patent) or generic, followed by form and strength.
The quantity of a drug dispensed is measured in units depending on the formulation of the product such as millilitres or grammes or it may be one unit such as one tablet, one capsule, one pack or one aerosol.
All historical PCA publications from 2005 onwards can be found here
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