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NHS Digital has produced a Shielded Patient List (SPL) of patients in England with pre-existing medical conditions which the Chief Medical Officers (CMOs) for the home counties have identified will make those patients clinically extremely vulnerable in relation to coronavirus (also referred to as COVID-19). This means these patients are at a much higher risk of getting complications from coronavirus because of their pre-existing medical conditions.
The NHS is writing to those patients to let them know that they have been identified as clinically extremely vulnerable and to offer them advice and guidance on reducing their risk of infection from COVID-19 as well as shielding advice for those who live, work or travel to areas where shielding advice is in place.
The letter includes details about the clinically extremely vulnerable person service being provided by the Government, and invites patients to contact this service to register for help and support as and when appropriate to current shielding policy.
NHS Digital will also process personal data when patients use the NHS Digital SPL Shielding Note Service in order for a shield note to be issued to clinically extremely vulnerable patients where and when applicable.
NHS Digital is the controller of the personal data in the List under the General Data Protection Regulation 2016 (GDPR) jointly with the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, who has directed NHS Digital to collect and analyse data for purposes relating to COVID-19 under the COVID-19 Public Health Directions 2020 (COVID-19 Directions).
Types of personal data we process
The shielded patient list (SPL) contains the name, address, date of birth, phone numbers, and NHS number of those patients who have been identified as clinically extremely vulnerable to coronavirus.
It also contains the name of a patient's GP practice and the GP practice telephone number.
How we obtain your personal data
Identifying patients for inclusion in the initial List was carried out by NHS Digital using data we already hold as the national safe haven for health and care data in England. We also collected additional data from GP practices in England, Public Health England about those patients who were determined to be clinically extremely vulnerable, or for whom their risk status has changed. NHS Digital was asked to do this by the Chief Medical Officer for England as part of our legal functions to collect and analyse data under the COVID-19 Directions.
A list of underlying medical conditions which were considered to indicate extreme vulnerability to coronavirus was agreed with the Chief Medical Officers for the UK. This list identified the following pre-existing conditions which doctors consider will make those patients clinically extremely vulnerable in relation to coronavirus:
- Solid organ transplant recipients.
- People with specific cancers:
- people with cancer who are undergoing active chemotherapy
- people with lung cancer who are undergoing radical radiotherapy
- people with cancers of the blood or bone marrow such as leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma who are at any stage of treatment
- people having immunotherapy or other continuing antibody treatments for cancer
- people having other targeted cancer treatments which can affect the immune system, such as protein kinase inhibitors or PARP inhibitors
- people who have had bone marrow or stem cell transplants in the last 6 months, or who are still taking immunosuppression drugs
- People with severe respiratory conditions including all cystic fibrosis, severe asthma and severe COPD.
- People with rare diseases and inborn errors of metabolism that significantly increase the risk of infections (such as SCID, homozygous sickle cell).
- People on immunosuppression therapies sufficient to significantly increase risk of infection.
- Women who are pregnant with significant heart disease, congenital or acquired.
The health and care data NHS Digital held, and the data which we obtained from the other organisations identified above, was then analysed by NHS Digital with reference to these pre-existing medical conditions. This analysis identified those patients who are considered to be the most clinically vulnerable to coronavirus.
Read more details here about how this was done in the detailed methodology.
The shielded patient list is now being updated with information about those additional patients considered to be clinically extremely vulnerable who are also identified by their GP and by their hospital doctor.
The criteria for those additional patients who may also need to take shielding measures due to their pre-existing medical conditions will also be updated from time to time by the Chief Medical Officers in the UK.
We are also collecting information from the Health and Justice Information System (HJIS) to identify patients in detained and secure estates who may be clinically extremely vulnerable if they contract COVID-19. Information about patients who are on the List will then be provided back to healthcare clinicians by NHS Digital through identifying those patient records with a flag on the HJIS clinical system.
The List will also be updated to remove people from the List:
- who have died
- where a GP or hospital doctor tells us that a person is not clinically extremely vulnerable
- and to remove people from the List who have specifically asked to be removed from the List
You can request to be removed from the list by asking your GP. They will add a low or moderate flag to your record and you will be removed from the list.
For more information on what to do if you think you should be subject to shielding measures, or if you have received a letter from the NHS telling you to take shielding measures and you don’t think you need to do this, please see our Shielded Patient List webpages.
For more information about Shielding read the Guidance published by Public Health England on Shielding. For general advice on coronavirus please visit the NHS website.
Read more details here about the timings for information flows between patients page.
How long we keep your personal data for
We will retain your personal data for as long as is necessary for the purposes outlined above in accordance with the Records Management Code of Practice for Health and Social Care 2016 and NHS Digital’s Records Management Policy.
Other organisations with whom we share your personal data have obligations to keep it for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which we have shared your personal data. Information about this will be provided in their transparency or privacy notices which are published on their websites.
Where we store the data
NHS Digital only stores and processes your personal data for this service within the United Kingdom.
Fully anonymous data, for example statistical data (which does not allow you to be identified), may be stored and processed outside of the UK.
Your rights over your personal data
To read more about the health and care information NHS Digital collects, our legal basis for collecting this information and what choices and rights you have, see how we look after your health and care information, our general transparency notice and our Coronavirus (COVID-19) response transparency notice
We may make changes to this transparency notice. If we do, the ‘last updated’ date at the top of the notice will also change. Any changes to this notice will apply immediately from the date of any change.