General Practice (GP) Collections
We collect data and information about a wide range of General Practice (GP) services, for a number of different organisations and purposes.
Organisations we collect information for include:
- NHS England - information is used to collect GP payments, based on achievements under the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) and the delivery of quality services
- other government departments - for information about certain medical conditions and GP activity
- universities and other organisations - for academic research and services such as screening programmes
The systems that we use to collect data and information include:
- General Practice Extraction Service (GPES) - used to collect information and data
- Calculating Quality Reporting Service (CQRS) - to record practice participation and to process and display information
- GP clinical systems - to record information at practice level
- We are responsible for producing and maintaining the extract specification (business rules) to enable the extraction of these services.
How GP Collections work
We gather information and data, which is copied it to our systems. Data is collected automatically over a specified period of time - this is known as an extract. We normally use the following process:
1. GPs record activity in their clinical systems for the services they provide.
2. NHS England, or another organisation, requests information about a particular GP service.
3. NHS England area teams offer GPs the option to participate in collections for that service.
4. GPs agree to participate in collections for that service on CQRS.
5. We collect information from GP clinical systems using GPES over a specified period.
6. If required, GP staff enter information manually into CQRS.
7. We display the information we collect in CQRS.
8. GPs check that the information collected is the same as is in their clinical system.
9. If it's payment related, GPs 'declare' information from the collection to Regional Local Offices - who approve via CQRS.
10. We provide the information to the organisation that requested it.
Some GP information needs to be inputted by hand into CQRS, including some Enhanced Services. This is either because the service hasn't yet been set up for automated collection, or the organisation requesting the information hasn't chosen this method.
Once entered, manually collected information is processed and displayed in CQRS in the same way as automatically collected data. We advise GPs in advance if a service needs to be manually inputted and we provide CQRS user guides explaining this process.
More information about GP Collections
Throughout the year, the Calculating Quality Reporting Service (CQRS) releases team deploy a number of releases to introduce enhancements and fix problems.
The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) is a voluntary reward and incentive programme. It rewards GP practices, in England, for the quality of care they provide to their patients and helps standardise improvements in the delivery of primary care. The results are published every year.